Basic Kotlin Program – Hello World

In our previous tutorial, we have learned to create a Kotlin Project in IntelliJ IDEA. In this tutorial, we shall write a basic Kotlin program and run it. Also, a detailed discussion about the typical structure of a Kotlin program and components present in it are provided.

Kotlin supports procedural programming in addition to Object-Oriented Programming(Classes and Methods). Using the following basic Kotlin program example, we shall make some useful observations.

Example – Kotlin Program

Consider the following Kotlin program, HelloWorld.kt

Run the above program. If you are using IntelliJ IDEA, you may right click on the code and click on ‘Run’ menu item as shown below.

Kotlin Hello World Program

When the program is run, you will get the following output print in Run window.

Let us together make out some observations from the above three lines of Kotlin code:

Kotlin File

We write the whole program in a Kotlin File. The extension of this file is .kt. You can run this Kotlin program in your IDE, once the Kotlin setup in your IDE is successful.

Kotlin Comments

The first three lines in the HelloWorld.kt, is a multiple line comment. Comments are ignored for execution.

Main Function

The keyword “fun” is used to define a function. You can have multiple functions in a Kotlin program.

We have defined only one function, i.e., “main” in HelloWorld.kt.

Since main is the entry point for a Kotlin program, the statements inside the main function are executed, when you run this Hello World Kotlin program.

Function Arguments

The entry “main” function can accept Array of Strings as an input (arguments) to the function, which are the inputs to the Kotlin program.

The argument’s type is specified after the variable name separated by a colon.

Function Body

The function body is enclosed in curly brackets.

There is no semicolon at the end of println() statement to denote the end of a statement. Kotlin compiler can make out the end of a statement with a new line or semicolon. So, the semicolon is an optional means of ending a statement in Kotlin.

Conclusion

This is just an introduction to the basic Hello World program in Kotlin, and the different concepts used to create this program. Going forward, we shall go through the above discussed, and many other concepts in detail.

Concluding this Kotlin Tutorial – Basic Kotlin Program Example, we have learned about the basic building blocks and structure of a Kotlin Program. In our next tutorial, we shall look into different ways of converting Java Files to Kotlin Files.